Ecofeminism can be described as a movement or philosophy that parallels two forms of domination: that of humans over nature and that of men over women. This interdisciplinary movement seeks to rehabilitate the place of women in society through the preservation of nature. To do this, several fields of action are advocated: literature, activism and university research.
The notion of ecofeminism is not new. In the 18th century, many women were committed to the protection of nature. Valérie Chansigaud, historian of science and the environment, gives us the example of the author Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), one of the first feminists in history and an animal defender.