Separate spheres between men and women emerged from the industrial revolution. As previously mentioned, family life was maintained by waged work, but became increasingly disconnected from the concept of work itself (Zaretsky 1976). Simultaneously and consequently, the house ‘became an enchanted world populated by mythic figures’ (Gillis 1996). For men, the process of coming back home from work was coming back to a secure, safe haven. Men enjoyed the advantages of both the public and the private spheres, being able to escape the confines of the home without abandoning their privileges. Women, on the other hand, were dependent of men financially, as well as being enclosed in the house, as the emergence of suburban lifestyles further removed them from the public sphere. As Wolff wrote in 1990: ‘physically, the separation of spheres was marked, as well as constructed, by both geography and architecture.’ The most extreme expression of this discrepancy would be the fact that women of the city were seen as prostitutes, whereas women staying at home were ‘the angel in the house’ (Patmore) or the ‘flowers in the garden’ (Ruskin). Furthermore, the public/private dichotomy ‘legitimized the exclusion of women from the polity’ and their treatment ‘as the property of men’ (Hall and Davidoff). The suffragette movement and women’s rights movements more broadly asked, in contestation of this societal order, for the fusion of the private and the public spheres - the vote was to let women be citizens in their own right, the access to education was to give them the opportunity to be financially independent, and the legalization of abortion and contraception was to allow them to be the master of their own bodies.